Bible Reading Plan (Day 59)


DAY FIFTY-NINE — Exodus 12, Luke 15

Ex 12

We saw some rich theology in the last chapter. Now we see one of the preeminent foreshadowings of Christ. So far we’ve seen Noah, the ark and the flood, Abraham being told to sacrifice Issac, and Joseph’s interacting with Judah and his brothers.

Now we see Pharaoh, his heart coal black and diamond hard. Egypt has experienced nine plagues from the hand of YHWH and they have one more left to go. This one will be the last. Moses and Aaron warned Pharaoh who blew them off.

 The entire Hebrew calender will revolve around this date. A one year old lamb without blemish is sacrificed and the blood used mark those not condemned to die.(Italics mine.) The people are to remain ready as the coming of death is imminent.

Midnight… The Israelites are huddled in their homes, the blood of the lamb marks their doorposts. The Egyptians are asleep. Until… One woman cries out in anguish, and another, and another, soon it is a chorus of wailing as Pharaoh awakes and finds that his first born son is dead as well. He calls Moses and Aaron and tells them to go. And to bless him.

The Egyptians hurry the Israelites out of their land for fear that they will be dead as well.  The people of Israel, all 600,000 men on foot (not counting women and children) leave. This could easily be over a million people.

430 years of slavery has come to an end.

YHWH then gives Moses and Aaron the laws for Passover:
1) No foreigner shall eat of it, except for circumcised slaves.
2) Eaten in one house.
3) No leftovers
4) No broken bones in the food.
5) All of Israel shall partake.
6) Any traveler who wishes to keep the Passover must be naturalized.


Lk 15

This chapter contains three parables, all of the same topic, the last being one of the most loved. The topic Jesus tackles is that of what it means when someone repents and puts their faith in the one true God.

In the first parable Jesus uses sheep as his example. If a lost sheep comes home it is cause for rejoicing. So too when a sinner repents and puts their trust in Jesus. (But what are the Pharisees doing?)

The next one is the same using a coin instead.

The last one is the beloved Parable of the Prodigal Son.

The two sons represent the Jews (older son) and Gentiles (younger son), the father is (duh!) the Father. The younger son is clearly unregenerate. He uses all the common graces which God has given as the end of all being. He lives a loose life and soon finds himself empty, sad, and alone. The younger son then repents and goes to return knowing the only hope he has is his father’s mercy. When he returns the father is so thrilled he sets up a huge party! The older son hears of this and rebukes his father. His father, in turn, lovingly chastises the older son. What once was lost now is found!

The Pharisees would have no doubt HATED that last parable, as it had them as the butt of the joke.


Questions to Ponder:

*After reading the Passover narrative go back and look at the Passion narratives. Explain the parallels.


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